Profile: Pope Francis

Image copyright DANIEL GARCIA Image caption From a humble background in Argentina, Jorge Mario Bergoglio has risen to the top of the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Francis. We Glance at key moments in his lifestyles and career to this point. Symbol copyright AP Symbol caption Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born on 17 December 1936 in Buenos Aires. His father was an Italian immigrant railway employee. He turned into a Jesuit priest at 32, a decade after shedding a lung due to sickness and forsaking his chemistry studies. He was a bishop in 1992 and was made Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998. Symbol copyright DANIEL GARCIA Symbol caption seventies: Human rights groups have raised questions about his role beneath the Argentine military dictatorship of 1976-1983 – and particularly about the kidnap of 2 Jesuit monks. The cardinal’s office has all the time denied his involvement. He informed Perfil mag in 2010 he had helped a few dissidents break out the country. Image copyright AFP Symbol caption 1982: Pope Francis has been a robust supporter of the Argentine veterans of the struggle in the Falkland Islands – mentioned in Argentina as Las Malvinas. He has spoken in opposition to makes an attempt to “demalvinizar” or gloss over the historical past of the struggle. Image copyright AFP Image caption 2001: The Archbishop of Buenos Aires turned into a cardinal in 2001, as the Argentine economy was in quandary. Speaking in Buenos Aires as lots joined rallies towards govt austerity plans, he highlighted the contrast among the wealthy and “negative people who are persecuted for not easy work”. Image copyright AFP Image caption 2005: Cardinal Bergoglio was once observed as a powerful contender to transform Pope at the 2005 conclave to decide on a successor to Pope John Paul II. He was suggested to be the chief rival to Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who used to be duly elected and have become Pope Benedict XVI. Image copyright AFP Image caption 2009: As cardinal and archbishop, he stood out for his humility, living in a modest rental, in place of his luxury professional residence. In his sermons, he steadily stressed social inclusion and criticised governments which didn’t lend a hand those on society’s margins of society, describing poverty in Argentina as “immoral and unjust”. Image copyright AFP Symbol caption 2010: Even If Pope Francis is robust on social justice, he is extremely conservative on sexual matters. He voiced staunch opposition to homosexual marriage whilst it used to be legalised in Argentina in 2010. He mentioned: “Let’s now not be naive: this isn’t a simple political struggle, it is a destructive assault on God’s plan.” Symbol copyright AFP Image caption 2012: Cardinal Bergoglio preferred lifestyles outside the forms of Rome and he criticised the ones “who clericalise the Church”. In a sermon to Argentine priests, he attacked folks who would not baptise kids of unmarried mothers. “folks that separate the people of God from salvation. These are cutting-edge hypocrites.” Symbol copyright AFP Image caption 2013: Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio was once no longer observed by means of the media as one in all the front-runners to be successful Pope Benedict. However he is now the first non-Eu Pope for greater than 1,000 years and the primary from Latin The United States, home to 40% of the sector’s Catholics.

at the morning after his election, BBC Rome correspondent David Willey suggested, the brand new Pope slipped out of Vatican Town in a motorcade of unmarked vehicles to wish in a Roman Basilica.

on the way back to the Vatican, he insisted on settling his bill at a hotel for clergy within the centre of the Italian capital, where he were staying till the Conclave started on Monday.

‘Uncompromising’ stance

Image copyright AP Image caption Jorge Mario Bergoglio as a clergyman in 1973

The Vatican strenuously denies Pope Francis was once accountable of any wrongdoing beneath the Junta.

It has now emerged that in 2011 he took preliminary steps in opposition to beatifying Argentine clergymen murdered underneath army rule.

In 1976, Franciscan priests Carlos de Dios Murias and Gabriel Longueville, who used to be French, had been killed after confronting local leaders in the western province of la Rioja.

Cardinal Bergoglio authorized the beatification cause for each monks and a lay church employee, who was additionally found dead days later.

“Bergoglio signed it and warned us to be discreet, pronouncing that many Argentine bishops, particularly older ones, had been against reasons in line with social engagement,” the head of the Franciscan order in Argentina and Uruguay, Carlos Trovarelli, instructed Italian newspaper L. A. Stampa.

“Thanks To his warning, the process moved forward,” he introduced.

In a separate case, he also put forward for sainthood five Catholic churchmen who were killed on the St Patrick church in Buenos Aires additionally in 1976.

Adolfo Perez Esquivel, a human rights activist at the time who used to be jailed and tortured by means of the regime, instructed BBC News: “There Were a few bishops who have been in collusion with the military, however Bergoglio isn’t one of them.”

Throughout Argentina’s economic hindrance of 2001, Cardinal Bergoglio protested at police brutality through the unrest which saw President Fernando de los angeles Rua swept from power.

“we live within the such a lot unequal a part of the arena, which has grown probably the most yet diminished misery the least,” he was once quoted as announcing by the National Catholic Reporter at a meeting of Latin American bishops in 2007.

New style

Since turning into pope, he has persisted to place his concern about economic inequality at the leading edge of his message.

In Evangelii Gaudium (The Enjoyment of the Gospel), the primary major paintings he has written since he changed into Pope, he says “the worship of the ancient golden calf… has lower back in a brand new and ruthless guise in the idolatry of cash and the dictatorship of an impersonal economy”.

The report additionally indicates Pope Francis is planning radical reforms to the Vatican bureaucracy, another subject matter that has gained prominence in his papacy.

He has prepare a group of eight cardinals from outdoor the Holy See’s management who will have a look at how you can reshape the paperwork.

He has also adopted a markedly less formal tone than his predecessor, underlining his reputation for simplicity and humility.

While marking that the core of Catholic doctrine on sexuality is not up for negotiation, he has stated the Church has been too thinking about implementing the rules for human behaviour.

Speaking to newshounds in July, he responded to rumours of a “homosexual foyer” within the Vatican by denying its existence, however delivered: “If a person is homosexual and seeks God and has just right will, who am I to judge?”

And in an exceptional transfer, he has ordered a survey to be carried out of lay Catholics’ evaluations on Church teachings on sexual ethics and circle of relatives lifestyles.