Iran usa profile

Map of Iran

Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979, whilst the monarchy was overthrown and clerics assumed political keep watch over underneath preferrred chief Ayatollah Khomeini.

The Iranian revolution put an end to the rule of the Shah, who had alienated powerful non secular, political and fashionable forces with a programme of modernisation and Westernisation, coupled with heavy repression of dissent.

Persia, as Iran was once recognized earlier than 1935, was considered one of the greatest empires of the ancient world, and the rustic has lengthy maintained a definite cultural identification throughout the Islamic international by means of preserving its own language and adhering to the Shia interpretation of Islam.

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Symbol copyright Getty Photographs Image caption Iran’s Very Best Chief Khamenei, left, and president Rouhani, proper

President: Hassan Rouhani

Hassan Rouhani won a resounding re-election victory in May 2017 as citizens overwhelmingly subsidized his efforts to reach out to the world and rebuild the suffering economy.

Rouhani, who’s considered a average, reformist determine, spearheaded a 2015 nuclear take care of international powers. He was once elected in 2013.


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The struggle for influence and tool in Iran is performed out in the media.

All broadcasting from Iranian soil is controlled via the state and displays official ideology. a much wider range of opinion may be discovered online and in the revealed press.

However, many professional-reform outlets have been closed and their writers and editors imprisoned. Iran has been defined by means of media freedom advocates as “among the five largest prisons in the arena” for journalists.

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Some key dates in Iran’s historical past:

Symbol copyright Getty Pictures Symbol caption Iran has a rich ancient historical past which will be observed in puts akin to Persepolis

1794 – Mohammad Khan Qajar seizes power and founds the Qajar dynasty.

1921 – Military commander Reza Khan seizes power and is later crowned Reza Shah Pahlavi.

1941 – Britain and Russia occupy Iran all through Second World War.

1953 – Coup engineered by British and US intelligence services after parliament nationalises basically British-owned oil business. Shah, who had fled into exile, returns.

1979 – Iranian revolution unseats the shah.

1980-1988 – Iran-Iraq struggle.

2002 – US President George W. Bush describes Iran, Iraq and North Korea as “the axis of evil”.

2004 – US says Iran’s nuclear programme is a growing threat and requires world sanctions.

2016 – World financial sanctions are lifted after the UN nuclear watchdog, the IAEA, confirms that Tehran had complied with its promises to reduce its nuclear actions.

2018 Might-June – President Trump proclaims the united states withdrawal from the 2015 global deal on Iran’s nuclear programme. Iran in flip warns that it’s going to start increasing its uranium enrichment capacity if the deal collapses as a result of the us withdrawal.

Symbol copyright Getty Photographs Symbol caption The chief of the Iranian revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, back from exile in 1979 Learn full timeline