Chile is one in all South The United States’s such a lot stable and wealthy international locations. It has been moderately free of the coups and arbitrary governments that experience blighted the continent.
The exception was the 17-12 months rule of General Augusto Pinochet, whose 1973 coup was one among the bloodiest in twentieth-century Latin America and whose dictatorship left greater than THREE,000 folks useless and missing.
Chile’s abnormal, ribbon-like form – 4,THREE HUNDRED km lengthy and on average ONE HUNDRED SEVENTY FIVE km wide – has given it a hugely various local weather.
This ranges from the world’s driest desert – the Atacama – in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the centre, to a snow-susceptible Alpine local weather in the south, with glaciers, fjords and lakes.
Chile is a multi-ethnic society, together with folks of European and Indian ancestry.
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Sebastian Pinera won the presidential election in December 2017, having served as president for 4 years until 2014.
Local markets soared on hopes of extra investor-pleasant policies anticipated to be offered via the billionaire conservative.
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Chile’s nationwide and local terrestrial TELEVISION channels perform alongside intensive cable TELEVISION networks, which carry many US and international stations.
Radio is the most important source of reports; there are loads of stations, such a lot of them commercial.
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Some key dates in Chile’s historical past:
Symbol copyright Getty Photographs Symbol caption Troops fireplace on the presidential palace during coup during which President Allende died
1535 – Indigenous Araucanian folks successfully face up to first Spanish invasion of Chile.
1541 – Pedro de Valdivia starts Spanish conquest and founds Santiago.
1810 – Junta in Santiago declares autonomy for Chile following the overthrow of the king of Spain by Napoleon, however Spain regains regulate of Chile in 1814.
1818 – Chile turns into independent.
1879-84 – Chile will increase its territory through one 3rd after it defeats Peru and Bolivia in War of the Pacific.
Late 19th century – Pacification of indigenous Araucanians paves manner for European immigration; huge-scale mining of nitrate and copper begins.
1891 – Civil war over constitutional dispute among president and congress results in congressional victory, with president lowered to figurehead.
1970 – Salvador Allende becomes world’s first democratically elected Marxist president and embarks on an intensive programme of nationalisation and radical social reform.
1973 – Leader of Personnel Normal Augusto Pinochet ousts Allende in coup and proceeds to ascertain a brutal dictatorship which lasts till 1990.
1989 – Elections mark go back to civilian rule.
Learn full timeline Symbol copyright Getty Pictures Image caption Former dictator General Augusto Pinochet was positioned below space arrest in Britain, the place the government later overruled a choice to extradite him to Spain